Bretton Woods Agreement

The Bretton Woods Agreement was created in July of 1944 during the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. The agreement established the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) – now the World Bank. The agreement united the United States, the United Kingdom and 44 other nations in the aftermath of World War II, to set-up an international monetary system which would govern monetary cooperation. Eventually the system also regulated currency values and was disbanded in the 1970s when the United States ended convertibility of the dollar into gold.

Edited transcripts of the meetings are available from the Center for Financial Stability.

This collection includes documents relating to the Bretton Woods meetings, legislation, and analysis of the results.

Sort by: Date / Title       Showing Items: 1 - 24 of 24      
Show:
Amendments of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act: Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Finance of the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs of the United States Senate, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, on H.R. 13955, to Provide for Amendment of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, and for Other Purposes, August 27, 1976.

Amendments of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act: Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Finance of the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs of the United States Senate, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, on H.R. 13955, to Provide for Amendment of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, and for Other Purposes, August 27, 1976.


View Issue

SUDOC:
Y 4.B22/3:B 75/2

OCLC:
2610750

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, ([year]), Amendments of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act: Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Finance of the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs of the United States Senate, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, on H.R. 13955, to Provide for Amendment of the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, and for Other Purposes, August 27, 1976., [issue title/date], accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=197

Authors:

Topics:

Date: 1976
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

Articles of Agreement. International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Articles of Agreement. International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development


View Issue

Description:
United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference. Bretton Woods, NH. July 1-22, 1944.

Date:
07/01/1944,

Collection:
William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1944, Articles of Agreement. International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, from William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/martin/17_07_19440701.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Bibliography: Post-War Monetary Plans: Discussion Stage

Bibliography: Post-War Monetary Plans: Discussion Stage


View Issue

Description:
Bibliography

Date:
1956,

Collection:
Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve

Citation:
Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System, 1956, Bibliography: Post-War Monetary Plans: Discussion Stage, from Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/brookings/17629_02_0007.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1956
Authors: Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System

Bibliography: Postwar Forecasts: Income and Employment

Bibliography: Postwar Forecasts: Income and Employment


View Issue

Description:
Bibliography

Date:
1956,

Collection:
Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve

Citation:
Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System, 1956, Bibliography: Postwar Forecasts: Income and Employment, from Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/brookings/17625_03_0004.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1956
Authors: Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System

Bibliography: Postwar Reconstruction - Special Problems and Policies

Bibliography: Postwar Reconstruction - Special Problems and Policies


View Issue

Date:
1956,

Collection:
Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve

Citation:
Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System, 1956, Bibliography: Postwar Reconstruction - Special Problems and Policies, from Brookings Institution: Papers from the Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/brookings/17627_08_0001.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1956
Authors: Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System

Board Program on Bretton Woods

Board Program on Bretton Woods


View Issue

Date:
1944/12/01,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Gardner, Walter R.?, 1944, Board Program on Bretton Woods, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_11_0004.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: Gardner, Walter R.?

Bretton Woods

Bretton Woods


View Issue

Description:
Remarks made at a joint meeting of directors of Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and branches, November 2, 1944.

Date:
1944/11/22,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Goldenweiser, Emanuel A., 1944, Bretton Woods, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_11_0003.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: Goldenweiser, Emanuel A.

Bretton Woods Agreement

Bretton Woods Agreement


View Issue

Description:
Reprinted from Federal Reserve Bulletin for September 1944.

Date:
1944/09/xx,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Bourneuf, Alice and Goldenweiser, Emanuel A., 1944, Bretton Woods Agreement, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_17_0002.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), Bourneuf, Alice, Goldenweiser, Emanuel A.

Bretton Woods Agreements

Bretton Woods Agreements


View Issue

Description:
"Not for Publication - Subject to Revision"

Date:
1944/xx/xx,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Bourneuf, Alice and Goldenweiser, Emanuel A., 1944, Bretton Woods Agreements, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_11_0001.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: Bourneuf, Alice, Goldenweiser, Emanuel A.

Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-Seventh Congress, on H.R. 10162, a Bill to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, February 27 and 28, 1962

Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-Seventh Congress, on H.R. 10162, a Bill to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, February 27 and 28, 1962


View Issue

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:B 75/962

OCLC:
79600761

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-Seventh Congress, on H.R. 10162, a Bill to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, February 27 and 28, 1962, [issue title/date], accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=1307

Authors:

Topics:

Date: 1962
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency

Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, Eighty-Seventh Congress, Second Session on H.R. 10162, to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, March 30 and April 3, 1962

Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, Eighty-Seventh Congress, Second Session on H.R. 10162, to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, March 30 and April 3, 1962


View Issue

SUDOC:
Y4.F76/2:B75/962

OCLC:
1156237

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations, ([year]), Bretton Woods Agreements Act Amendment: Hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations, U.S. Senate, Eighty-Seventh Congress, Second Session on H.R. 10162, to Amend the Bretton Woods Agreements Act, to Authorize the United States to Participate in Loans to the International Monetary Fund to Strengthen the International Monetary System, March 30 and April 3, 1962, [issue title/date], accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=1308

Authors:

Topics:

Date: 1962
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations

Bretton Woods Legislation in Latin American Countries

Bretton Woods Legislation in Latin American Countries


View Issue

Description:
Supplement to "Review of Foreign Developments," December 3, 1945.

Date:
1945/12/xx,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Bourneuf, Alice, Triffin, Robert and Wallich, Henry, 1945, Bretton Woods Legislation in Latin American Countries, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_14_0006.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: Bourneuf, Alice, Triffin, Robert, Wallich, Henry

Bretton Woods Proposals

Bretton Woods Proposals


View Issue

Description:
Pamphlet 4 from a series on International Financial Problems, prepared by Arthur W. Crawford of the Chamber staff.

Date:
1945/02/xx,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
United States Chamber of Commerce. Finance Department, 1945, Bretton Woods Proposals, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_18_0002.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: United States Chamber of Commerce. Finance Department

Bretton Woods Proposals

Bretton Woods Proposals


View Issue

Date:
1945/02/15,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, 1945, Bretton Woods Proposals, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_18_0005.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Conference at Bretton Woods Prepares Plans for International Finance

Conference at Bretton Woods Prepares Plans for International Finance


View Issue

Description:
Department of State, Publication 2216, Conference Series 57.

Date:
1944/xx/xx,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
United States. Dept. of State and Young, John Parke, 1944, Conference at Bretton Woods Prepares Plans for International Finance, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/036_17_0001.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1944
Authors: United States. Dept. of State, Young, John Parke

Effect of Proposed Bretton Woods Amendments

Effect of Proposed Bretton Woods Amendments


View Issue

Date:
1945/05/08,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?, 1945, Effect of Proposed Bretton Woods Amendments, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/034_19_0005.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?

Future of the Bretton Woods Organisations

Future of the Bretton Woods Organisations


View Issue

Description:
International Bank and International Monetary Fund

Date:
09/23/1949,

Collection:
William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection

Citation:
1949, Future of the Bretton Woods Organisations, from William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/martin/18_04_19490923.pdf

Date: 1949

Present Status of Draft of Bretton Woods Enabling Legislation

Present Status of Draft of Bretton Woods Enabling Legislation


View Issue

Date:
1945/02/05,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?, 1945, Present Status of Draft of Bretton Woods Enabling Legislation, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/034_17_0002.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?

Proceedings and Documents of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 1-22, 1944

Proceedings and Documents of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 1-22, 1944


Go to Publication

Description:
These two volumes of Proceedings and Documents of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 1-22, 1944, are intended as a collection of working papers issued at the Conference. A comprehensive index is found in Volume II. These volumes are published in 1948 as Department of State Publication 2866, International Organization and Conference Series I, 3.

The United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, also referred to as the Bretton Woods conference, was a gathering of delegates from all 44 Allied nations in July 1944. The results of the Conference included the formation of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), as well as the implementation of a system of fixed exchange rates, which remained in place until the 1970s.

SUDOC:
S 1.70/1:3/v.1-2

OCLC:
816388

Citation:
United States. Dept. of State, ([year]), Proceedings and Documents of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 1-22, 1944, [issue title/date], accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=430

Authors:

Topics:

Date: 1944
Authors: United States. Dept. of State

Public Law 79-171, 79th Congress, H. R. 3314: An Act to provide for the participation of the United States in the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [Bretton Woods Agreements Act]

Public Law 79-171, 79th Congress, H. R. 3314: An Act to provide for the participation of the United States in the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [Bretton Woods Agreements Act]


View Issue

Description:
Bretton Woods Agreements Act

Date:
07/31/1945,

Collection:
William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection

Citation:
United States. Congress, 1945, Public Law 79-171, 79th Congress, H. R. 3314: An Act to provide for the participation of the United States in the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [Bretton Woods Agreements Act], from William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/martin/17_01_19450731.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: United States. Congress

Relations of Federal Reserve System with National Advisory Council and Advisory Board of Export-Import Bank

Relations of Federal Reserve System with National Advisory Council and Advisory Board of Export-Import Bank


View Issue

Description:
Tentative draft describing the role of the Federal Reserve System in relationship to the National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Problems, established under the Bretton Wood agreement.

Date:
1945/08/31,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?, 1945, Relations of Federal Reserve System with National Advisory Council and Advisory Board of Export-Import Bank, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/037_01_0002.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?

Relationship of Federal Reserve System to Bretton Woods Institutions

Relationship of Federal Reserve System to Bretton Woods Institutions


View Issue

Description:
Includes Appendix I: Proposal for Market Operations, by the Reserve Banks for their own Account, in Securities Issued or Guaranteed by Stock.

Date:
1946/05/01,

Collection:
The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?, 1946, Relationship of Federal Reserve System to Bretton Woods Institutions, from The Marriner S. Eccles Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/eccles/035_01_0005.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1946
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)?

Statement before the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency on S. 1664,

Statement before the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency on S. 1664,


View Issue

Description:
Regarding amending the National Bank Act and the Bretton Woods Agreement Act.

Date:
06/10/1949,

Collection:
William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection

Citation:
Martin, William McChesney, Jr., 1949, Statement before the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency on S. 1664,, from William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/martin/15_07_19490610.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1949
Authors: Martin, William McChesney, Jr.

Summary Report on Bretton Woods Monetary Conference

Summary Report on Bretton Woods Monetary Conference


View Issue

Description:
Refers to International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Date:
05/1945,

Collection:
William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection

Citation:
Gorski, R.S., 1945, Summary Report on Bretton Woods Monetary Conference, from William McChesney Martin Jr. Document Collection, accessed Oct 1, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/historical/martin/18_03_194505xx.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1945
Authors: Gorski, R.S.