Depressions & Panics

General materials on economic depressions and panics, as well as specific collections related to the Great Depression and the Panic of 1907.

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All Bank Statistics 1896 - 1955

All Bank Statistics 1896 - 1955


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Description:
The publication is a useful statistical history of banking developments in the United States and provides a reliable basis for relating banking and monetary forces to changing levels of economic activity. Included are annual balance sheet items, particularly on a standard basis (segregation of loans into real estate, collateral, and other loans), as well as data on hundreds of unincorporated (private) banks. Data is provided for both States and for major bank categories.

SUDOC:
FR 1.2:B 22/6

OCLC:
742533

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), ([year]), All Bank Statistics 1896 - 1955, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=39

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Date: 1959
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Banking Holiday of 1933

Banking Holiday of 1933


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Description:
These documents were sent by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis to 8th District banks. Additional national documents on the Bank Holiday of 1933 are available. Search Banking Emergency of 1933.

Citation:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, ([year]), Banking Holiday of 1933, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=486

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Availability: 1933 to 1933
Authors: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Booms and Depressions: Some First Principles

Booms and Depressions: Some First Principles


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Description:
Irving Fisher (1867-1947) was an early practitioner of mathematical economics. Departing from his primary interest in theories of interest rates, capital, and investments, this work is an early foray into analysis of business cycles, and the expression of his debt-deflation theory. In it he identifies nine main factors influencing depressions, provides empirical observations of those factors, and makes suggestions for remedial actions. It is an elaboration of the author's address at the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, held at New Orleans, Jan. 1, 1932.

OCLC:
1830719

Citation:
Fisher, Irving, ([year]), Booms and Depressions: Some First Principles, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=104

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Date: 1932
Authors: Fisher, Irving

Brief History of Panics and Their Periodical Occurrence in the United States

Brief History of Panics and Their Periodical Occurrence in the United States


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Description:
Translation of Des crises commerciales et de leur rétour périodique en France, en Angleterre et aux États-Unis, which covers financial panic in the United States from 1889-1916. Third Edition. Originally digitized as part of the Google Books Project.

OCLC:
260323405

Citation:
Juglar, Clément and Thom, DeCourcy W., ([year]), Brief History of Panics and Their Periodical Occurrence in the United States, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=119

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Date: 1916
Authors: Juglar, Clément, Thom, DeCourcy W.

Business Booms and Depressions Since 1775 [Chart]

Business Booms and Depressions Since 1775 [Chart]


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Description:
A chart of the past trend of price inflation, federal debt, business, national income, stocks and bond yields for the United States from 1775 to 1943.

OCLC:
670554850

Citation:
([year]), Business Booms and Depressions Since 1775 [Chart], [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=145

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Date: 1943

Causes of the Present Depression and Possible Remedies

Causes of the Present Depression and Possible Remedies


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Description:
Winthrop W. Aldrich, chairman of the board and president of Chase National Bank from 1930 to 1953, was invited to speak on the Depression before the Finance Committee of the United States Senate in 1933. His statement follows.

OCLC:
2555960

Citation:
Aldrich, Winthrop W., ([year]), Causes of the Present Depression and Possible Remedies, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=124

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Date: 1933
Authors: Aldrich, Winthrop W.

Currency Problem and the Present Financial Situation

Currency Problem and the Present Financial Situation


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Description:
A series of addresses studying the Crisis of 1907, delivered at Columbia University over the years 1907-1908.
Digitized by Microsoft Corporation.
Includes:

The crisis of 1907 in the light of history / Edwin R.A. Seligman
The modern bank / Frank A. Vanderlip
The stock exchange and the money market / Thomas F. Woodlock
Government currency vs. bank currency / A. Barton Hepburn
Gold movements and foreign exchanges / Albert Strauss
The New York clearing house / William A. Nash
Clearing houses and the currency / James G. Cannon
American and European banking methods and bank legislation compared / Paul M. Warburg
The modern corporation / George W. Perkins

OCLC:
17601482, 1137238

Citation:
([year]), Currency Problem and the Present Financial Situation, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=106

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Date: 1908

Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions

Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions


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Date:
Reproduced with permission.

Collection:
Meltzer, A History of the Federal Reserve Volume 1, 1913-1951

Volume:
1

ISSN:
0098-1699

Citation:
Fisher, Irving, 1933, Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions, from Meltzer, A History of the Federal Reserve Volume 1, 1913-1951, accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/meltzer/record.php?id=4252

Authors:

Date: 1933
Authors: Fisher, Irving

Deposit insurance legislation of 1933

Deposit insurance legislation of 1933


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Date:
Reproduced with permission.

Collection:
Meltzer, A History of the Federal Reserve Volume 1, 1913-1951

ISSN:
0032-3195

Citation:
Golembe, Carter, 1960, Deposit insurance legislation of 1933, from Meltzer, A History of the Federal Reserve Volume 1, 1913-1951, accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/meltzer/record.php?id=4272

Authors:

Date: 1960
Authors: Golembe, Carter

Direct Loans for Industrial Purposes by Federal Reserve Banks. Conference Report. To accompany S. 3487.

Direct Loans for Industrial Purposes by Federal Reserve Banks. Conference Report. To accompany S. 3487.


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Description:
This report from the committee of conference on bill S. 3487, resolved the language of amendments to the Federal Reserve Act which allowed individual Federal Reserve banks to lend to industrial or commercial businesses in their districts.

OCLC:
6416105

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Direct Loans for Industrial Purposes by Federal Reserve Banks. Conference Report. To accompany S. 3487., [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=722

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Date: 1934
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Direct Purchases of United States Obligations by Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, Second Session, on H. R. 9285. February 27 and 29, 1956

Direct Purchases of United States Obligations by Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, Second Session, on H. R. 9285. February 27 and 29, 1956


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Description:
Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, on H.R. 9285

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:Ob 4/2

OCLC:
6875171

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Direct Purchases of United States Obligations by Federal Reserve Banks: Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, Second Session, on H. R. 9285. February 27 and 29, 1956, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=724

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Date: 1956
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency

Documents and Statements Pertaining to the Banking Emergency

Documents and Statements Pertaining to the Banking Emergency


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Description:
Documents and statements pertaining primarily to the emergency banking restrictions and regulations are presented as Part I of this publication, and material pertaining primarily to gold, currency, and foreign exchange is presented as Part II.

Citation:
United States. Congress, United States. Dept. of the Treasury and United States. President, ([year]), Documents and Statements Pertaining to the Banking Emergency, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=709

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Availability: 1933 to 1933
Authors: United States. Congress, United States. Dept. of the Treasury, United States. President

Economic Implications of the "Too Big To Fail" Policy: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session. May 9, 1991.

Economic Implications of the "Too Big To Fail" Policy: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session. May 9, 1991.


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Description:
This hearing, held before the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the House of Representatives, reviews the economic implications of a 'too-big-to-fail policy' in light of the bank failures that took place in the 1980s. The hearing was intended to address questions about the standard of treatment of uninsured depositors in bank failures.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:102-31

OCLC:
24361747

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Economic Implications of the "Too Big To Fail" Policy: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session. May 9, 1991., [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=89

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Date: 1991
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Examination Findings Regarding Continental Illinois National Bank's Loan Management and Capital: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs

Examination Findings Regarding Continental Illinois National Bank's Loan Management and Capital: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs


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Description:
Staff report to the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation, and Insurance of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs

OCLC:
11216794

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Examination Findings Regarding Continental Illinois National Bank's Loan Management and Capital: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=725

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Date: 1984
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Failure of Penn Square Bank: Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session, to Review the Causes, Effects and Implications of the Insolvency and Liquidation of the Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma City, December 10, 1982

Failure of Penn Square Bank: Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session, to Review the Causes, Effects and Implications of the Insolvency and Liquidation of the Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma City, December 10, 1982


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Description:
Senate Hearing to examine the effects of the insolvency and liquidation of Penn Square Bank, Oklahoma City.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/3:97-77

OCLC:
9359008

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, ([year]), Failure of Penn Square Bank: Hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session, to Review the Causes, Effects and Implications of the Insolvency and Liquidation of the Penn Square Bank of Oklahoma City, December 10, 1982, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=774

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Date: 1982
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs

Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and Federal Savings and Loan Corporation Annual Reports

Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and Federal Savings and Loan Corporation Annual Reports


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Description:
The Federal Home Loan Banks were established by the Federal Home Loan Bank Act of 1932. The Board administered a number of other entities including the Federal Savings and Loan Corporation created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934 and abolished in 1989; the Home Owners' Loan Corporation created by the Home Owners' Refinancing Act in 1933 and liquidated in 1951, and the Federal Savings and Loan System or Division established by the Board.

SUDOC:
Y 3.F 31/3:1/

OCLC:
3585064

Citation:
Home Owners' Loan Corporation, United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board and Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, ([year]), Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Home Owners' Loan Corporation, and Federal Savings and Loan Corporation Annual Reports, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=70

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Availability: 1933 to 1952
Authors: Home Owners' Loan Corporation, United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation

Federal Home Loan Bank Review

Federal Home Loan Bank Review


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Description:
Congress passed the Federal Home Loan Bank Act in 1932 during the Great Depression, which established the Federal Home Loan Bank System.

This publication was provided to member institutions from 1934-1947. Annual statistical supplements were published beginning in 1941.

OCLC:
2261042

Citation:
United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board and Federal Home Loan Banks, ([year]), Federal Home Loan Bank Review, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=116

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Availability: 1934 to 1947
Authors: United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Federal Home Loan Banks

Federal Home Loan Bank Review. Statistical Supplement

Federal Home Loan Bank Review. Statistical Supplement


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Description:
This supplement to the Federal Home Loan Bank Review was published annually, beginning in 1941. It brings together reference material bearing upon residential construction and home-financing activities covering approximately a 10-year period.

OCLC:
32434842

Citation:
United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board, ([year]), Federal Home Loan Bank Review. Statistical Supplement, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=211

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Availability: 1941 to 1947
Authors: United States. Federal Home Loan Bank Board

Federal Relief for Home Owners

Federal Relief for Home Owners


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Description:
Leaflet written for the information of the public regarding the creation of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation.

SUDOC:
Y 3.F 31/3:2 H 75/2

OCLC:
13042996

Citation:
Home Owners' Loan Corporation, ([year]), Federal Relief for Home Owners, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=165

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Date: 1933
Authors: Home Owners' Loan Corporation

Federal Reserve Bulletin: December 1937 - Complete Issue

Federal Reserve Bulletin: December 1937 - Complete Issue


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Publication:
Federal Reserve Bulletin

SUDOC:
FR 1.3

OCLC:
1606526

ISSN:
0014-9209

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), ([year]), Federal Reserve Bulletin: December 1937, accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/publications/FRB/1930s/frb_121937.pdf

Authors:

Date: 1937
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Federal Reserve Bulletin: September 1937 - Complete Issue

Federal Reserve Bulletin: September 1937 - Complete Issue


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Publication:
Federal Reserve Bulletin

SUDOC:
FR 1.3

OCLC:
1606526

ISSN:
0014-9209

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), ([year]), Federal Reserve Bulletin: September 1937, accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/docs/publications/FRB/1930s/frb_091937.pdf

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Date: 1937
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Final Report on the Reconstruction Finance Corporation

Final Report on the Reconstruction Finance Corporation


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Description:
This final report on the Reconstruction Finance Corporation provides an outline of the various programs which the RFC undertook and a summary of the projects undertaken by those authorities. From the foreword, "... there has been incorporated in the report a considerable volume of statistical material on RFC lending and investment functions..."

SUDOC:
T 1.2:R 24/5

OCLC:
742457

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, ([year]), Final Report on the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=134

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Date: 1959
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Financial Collapse of the Penn Central Company

Financial Collapse of the Penn Central Company


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Description:
Staff report of the Securities and Exchange Commission to the Special Subcommittee on Investigations. At the time, the collapse of the Penn Central Transportation Company was the single largest bankruptcy in United States history. This report examines the causes & results of the collapse, including related laws and regulatory agencies.

OCLC:
241103693

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Financial Collapse of the Penn Central Company, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=734

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Date: 1972
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Financial Performance of Continental Illinois National Bank: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs

Financial Performance of Continental Illinois National Bank: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs


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Description:
Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs

OCLC:
11216840

Citation:
United States. Congress. House, ([year]), Financial Performance of Continental Illinois National Bank: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: A Chronology and Peer Group Comparison: Staff Report to Subcommittee on Financial Institutions Supervision, Regulation and Insurance, Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=735

Authors:

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Date: 1984
Authors: United States. Congress. House

Gold Regulations Prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury under Executive Order of August 28, 1933

Gold Regulations Prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury under Executive Order of August 28, 1933


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Description:
Relating to the hoarding, export, and earmarking of gold coin, bullion, or currency and to transactions in foreign exchange.

OCLC:
6644980

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, ([year]), Gold Regulations Prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury under Executive Order of August 28, 1933, [issue title/date], accessed Sep 14, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=711

Authors:

Topics:

Date: 1933
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury



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