Banking History

Documents relating to the banking history of the United States. Also includes statistical publications and historical directories of banks.

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Interpretation of Banking Act of 1933

Interpretation of Banking Act of 1933


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Description:
Example of letter sent to the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City regarding savings pass book interest. Identical letters sent to all Federal Reserve Banks.

OCLC:
27715658

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, ([year]), Interpretation of Banking Act of 1933, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=712

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Date: 1933
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Letter from Chester Morrill to William McChesney Martin

Letter from Chester Morrill to William McChesney Martin


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Description:
A cover letter to Mr. William McChesney Martin, Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, from Chester Morrill, Secretary, Board of Governors, transmitting a the following documents: Progress Report of the Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking to the Conference of Governors and Chairmen, November 30, 1931; Statistical Data, November 6, 1931.

The Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking was appointed by the Federal Reserve Board on February 26, 1930. The charge to the committee was "to assemble and digest information on branch banking as practiced in the United States and elsewhere, the unit banking system of the country, and the effect of ownership of bank stocks by investment trusts and holding corporations." Ten reports, a progress report and a summary report were completed by the committee. Committee members were E.A. Goldenweiser, Chairman, Director of Research and Statistics, Federal Reserve Board; Ira Clerk, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; M.J. Fleming, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; L.R. Rounds, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and E.L. Smead, Chief, Division of Bank Operations, Federal Reserve Board. J.H. Riddle served as Executive Secretary and Director of Research.

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, ([year]), Letter from Chester Morrill to William McChesney Martin, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=809

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Date: 1931
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Loans to Industry: Report [to accompany S. 3487]

Loans to Industry: Report [to accompany S. 3487]


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Description:
House Report No. 1719, to accompany S. 3487, 73rd Congress, 2nd session. This report recommends that the bill, relating to direct loans for industrial purposes by Federal Reserve banks, should pass, with amendments. The amendments include several amendments to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act.

OCLC:
28552779

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Loans to Industry: Report [to accompany S. 3487], [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=288

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Date: 1934
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency

Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504

Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504


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Description:
In 1912, a special subcommittee was convened by the Chairman of the House Banking and Currency Committee, Arsene P. Pujo. Its purpose was to investigate the "money trust," a small group of Wall Street bankers that exerted powerful control over the nation's finances. The committee's majority report concluded that a group of financial leaders had abused the public trust to consolidate control over many industries. The Pujo Committee report created a climate of public opinion that lead to the passage of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914.

The hearings were conducted between May 16, 1912 and February 26, 1913. The transcript of the hearings was published in three volumes. It is presented in the original 29 parts with the index, a table of interlocking directorates of 18 financial institutions, and the majority/minority report of the committee.

SUDOC:
Y 4.B 22/1:M 74/2/

OCLC:
5538616

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Money Trust Investigation: Investigation of Financial and Monetary Conditions in the United States Under House Resolutions Nos. 429 and 504, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=80

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Availability: 1912 to 1913
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency

Progress Report of the Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking to the Conference of Governors and Chairmen

Progress Report of the Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking to the Conference of Governors and Chairmen


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Description:
Overview of material requested by Senator Carter Glass for the Senate Committee on Banking and Currency's survey of the operation of the National and Federal Reserve banking systems.

The Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking was appointed by the Federal Reserve Board on February 26, 1930. The charge to the committee was "to assemble and digest information on branch banking as practiced in the United States and elsewhere, the unit banking system of the country, and the effect of ownership of bank stocks by investment trusts and holding corporations." Ten reports, a progress report and a summary report were completed by the committee. Committee members were E.A. Goldenweiser, Chairman, Director of Research and Statistics, Federal Reserve Board; Ira Clerk, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; M.J. Fleming, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; L.R. Rounds, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and E.L. Smead, Chief, Division of Bank Operations, Federal Reserve Board. J.H. Riddle served as Executive Secretary and Director of Research.

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, ([year]), Progress Report of the Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking to the Conference of Governors and Chairmen, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=810

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Date: 1931
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Rand McNally Bankers Directory

Rand McNally Bankers Directory


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Description:
Bankers' Directories contain banking information on banks in the towns and counties of the United States at the turn of the century. The names of bank directors, officers, and their capital and deposits are included, as well as lists of lawyers and current banking laws. They include colored maps of the states and some major cities.

Citation:
Rand McNally & Company, ([year]), Rand McNally Bankers Directory, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=105

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Availability: 1879 to 1900
Authors: Rand McNally & Company

Regulations Relating to Licensing the Purchase and Export of Gold

Regulations Relating to Licensing the Purchase and Export of Gold


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OCLC:
42932323

Citation:
United States. Dept. of the Treasury, ([year]), Regulations Relating to Licensing the Purchase and Export of Gold, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=713

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Date: 1933
Authors: United States. Dept. of the Treasury

Report of the Committee Appointed Pursuant to House Resolutions 429 and 504 to Investigate the Concentration of Control of Money and Credit

Report of the Committee Appointed Pursuant to House Resolutions 429 and 504 to Investigate the Concentration of Control of Money and Credit


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Description:
62d Congress, 3d Session, Report No. 1593

OCLC:
67174548

Citation:
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency and Pujo, Arsène Paulin, 1861-1939, ([year]), Report of the Committee Appointed Pursuant to House Resolutions 429 and 504 to Investigate the Concentration of Control of Money and Credit, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=1329

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Date: 1913
Authors: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency, Pujo, Arsène Paulin, 1861-1939

Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States

Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States


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Description:
These hearings took place between December 1931 and February 1932, and are also known as the Johnson Committee Hearings. Testimony and data are provided concerning the sale, flotation, and allocation of foreign bonds and securities by banks, banking institutions, corporations, and individuals.

OCLC:
6259545

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance, ([year]), Sale of Foreign Bonds or Securities in the United States. Hearings before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, Seventy-second Congress, first session, pursuant to S. Res. 19 a resolution authorizing the Finance committee of the Senate to investigate the sale, flotation, and allocation by banks, banking institutions, corporations, or individuals of foreign bonds or securities in the United States, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=398

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Availability: 1931 to 1932
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance

State Bank Call Reports - Texas

State Bank Call Reports - Texas


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Description:
The files posted here contain the reports submitted by Texas state banks and state banks and trust companies for the years 1929 and 1933. They testify to the number of banks closed in Texas during the Great Depression. Microfilm of these bank call reports was produced by the Texas State Library, State Records Center, from a collection from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. To date, only a limited set has been available for digitizing. The quality of the digital images is the best available from the microfilm format. Many forms are hand-written and are not searchable.

To cite this work, please use: Quarterly condition of state banks, 1929, 1933, Texas Department of Banking. Archives and Information Services Division. Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Web. [insert date]. ‹http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publications/bkcall/›.

Citation:
Texas. Dept. of Banking, ([year]), State Bank Call Reports - Texas, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=205

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Availability: 1929 to 1933
Authors: Texas. Dept. of Banking

Statistical Data: Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking

Statistical Data: Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking


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Description:
Data submitted to the Subcommittee of the Committee on Banking and Currency. This is supporting documentation for the Progress Report by the committee dated November 30, 1931 transmitted by the letter from Chester Morrill to William McChesney Martin dated December 2, 1931.

The Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking was appointed by the Federal Reserve Board on February 26, 1930. The charge to the committee was "to assemble and digest information on branch banking as practiced in the United States and elsewhere, the unit banking system of the country, and the effect of ownership of bank stocks by investment trusts and holding corporations." Ten reports, a progress report and a summary report were completed by the committee. Committee members were E.A. Goldenweiser, Chairman, Director of Research and Statistics, Federal Reserve Board; Ira Clerk, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; M.J. Fleming, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; L.R. Rounds, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and E.L. Smead, Chief, Division of Bank Operations, Federal Reserve Board. J.H. Riddle served as Executive Secretary and Director of Research.

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, ([year]), Statistical Data: Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group and Chain Banking, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=811

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Date: 1931
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Statistics on Banking, 1934-1996

Statistics on Banking, 1934-1996


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Description:
A statistical history of the United States Banking Industry, published by the Division of Research and Statistics of the FDIC.

SUDOC:
Y 3.F 31/8:26/934-96/V.1

OCLC:
38065134

Citation:
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, ([year]), Statistics on Banking, 1934-1996, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=125

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Date: 1997
Authors: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97 [Pecora Hearings]

Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97 [Pecora Hearings]


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Description:
This series of hearings, also known as the Pecora Commission hearings, was conducted by a subcommittee of the United States Senate Banking and Currency Committee between 1932 and 1934. The hearings investigated stock exchange practices and their effect on American commerce, the national banking system, and the government securities market. They also addressed issues of tax evasion and avoidance. The record of the hearings includes more than 12,000 printed pages with more than 1,000 exhibits received in evidence. Originally authorized by Senate Resolution 84 on March 2, 1932, the scope of the investigation was broadened with by Senate Resolution 56 on April 4, 1933 and Senate Resolution 97 on June 8, 1933. Prior to the appointment of Ferdinand Pecora on January 24, 1933, Claude Branch, William A. Gray and John Marrinan served as legal counsel for the early hearings. The transcripts were published in two series. The initial six parts covered the the work authorized by Resolution 84. The second 20 parts and final report document the expanded scope of the investigation after the passage of Resolutions 56 and 97.

The work of this committee set the stage for the Glass-Steagall legislation, the Securities Act of 1933, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

SUDOC:
Y4.B22/3:St6/5, Y4.B2/3:ST6/2/

OCLC:
2421213, 1123946, 5620884

Citation:
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency, ([year]), Stock Exchange Practices. Hearings before the Committee on Banking and Currency Pursuant to S.Res. 84 and S.Res. 56 and S.Res. 97 [Pecora Hearings], [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=87

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Availability: 1932 to 1941
Authors: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Banking and Currency

Study by System Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Study by System Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking


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Description:
A review of the history of the committee, and its work.

The Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking was appointed by the Federal Reserve Board on February 26, 1930. The charge to the committee was "to assemble and digest information on branch banking as practiced in the United States and elsewhere, the unit banking system of the country, and the effect of ownership of bank stocks by investment trusts and holding corporations." Ten reports, a progress report and a summary report were completed by the committee. Committee members were E.A. Goldenweiser, Chairman, Director of Research and Statistics, Federal Reserve Board; Ira Clerk, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; M.J. Fleming, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; L.R. Rounds, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and E.L. Smead, Chief, Division of Bank Operations, Federal Reserve Board. J.H. Riddle served as Executive Secretary and Director of Research.

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, ([year]), Study by System Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=812

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Date: 1938
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Summary of the Reports [Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking]

Summary of the Reports [Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking]


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Description:
Series: Material prepared for the information of the Federal Reserve System

A summary of the final reports produced by the committee.

The Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking was appointed by the Federal Reserve Board on February 26, 1930. The charge to the committee was "to assemble and digest information on branch banking as practiced in the United States and elsewhere, the unit banking system of the country, and the effect of ownership of bank stocks by investment trusts and holding corporations." Ten reports, a progress report and a summary report were completed by the committee. Committee members were E.A. Goldenweiser, Chairman, Director of Research and Statistics, Federal Reserve Board; Ira Clerk, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco; M.J. Fleming, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland; L.R. Rounds, Deputy Governor, Federal Reserve Bank of New York; and E.L. Smead, Chief, Division of Bank Operations, Federal Reserve Board. J.H. Riddle served as Executive Secretary and Director of Research.

OCLC:
40392850

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking, ([year]), Summary of the Reports [Federal Reserve Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking], [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=813

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Date: 1932
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.). Committee on Branch, Group, and Chain Banking

Supplement to Banking & Monetary Statistics

Supplement to Banking & Monetary Statistics


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Description:
The Supplements to Banking and Monetary Statistics were published to add to the data not contained in the original volumes (1914-1941 and 1941-1970). The Governors of the Federal Reserve System designed the publication to be a convenient reference source for the statistics that had appeared in the Board's annual reports and in the monthly Federal Reserve Bulletin. Only the sections available below were published.

SUDOC:
FR 1.2:B 22/5/

OCLC:
12380373

Citation:
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), ([year]), Supplement to Banking & Monetary Statistics, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=47

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Availability: 1962 to 1967
Authors: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Texas Banking Crisis, Causes and Consequences

Texas Banking Crisis, Causes and Consequences


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Description:
Analysis by John O'Keefe, Financial Economist for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, to explain the high failure rates of Texas banks in the 1980s. (July 1990)

OCLC:
22969446

Citation:
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, ([year]), Texas Banking Crisis, Causes and Consequences, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=97

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Date: 1990
Authors: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

World's Principal Monetary Systems: American Bankers' Association Year-Book 1912

World's Principal Monetary Systems: American Bankers' Association Year-Book 1912


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Description:
"A concise review of the monetary systems of the leading nations of the world, illustrating the fundamental differences between the various systems. With a copy of the charter of the Second Bank of the United States, and a discussion of the Monetary Commission bill now before Congress."

OCLC:
12948208

Citation:
Muhleman, Maurice L., ([year]), World's Principal Monetary Systems: American Bankers' Association Year-Book 1912, [issue title/date], accessed Jul 23, 2014 from FRASER, http:fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=1057

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Date: 1912
Authors: Muhleman, Maurice L.